Sha'baniya Sermon Delivered by the Holy Prophet on reception of Ramadan
Sha'baniya Sermon Delivered by the Holy Prophet (may Allah bless him and his progeny) on reception of Ramadan
It has been reported from Imam Aba al-Hassan Ali b. Musa al-Reza (peace be upon him) who narrated from his fathers from Amir al-Mu’menin Ali b. Abi Talib (peace be upon him) who said: “one day the messenger of Allah (May Allah bless him and his progeny) addressed us and said:
O’ people! Indeed ahead of you is the blessed month of Allah;
A month of blessing, mercy and forgiveness.
A month which with Allah is the best of months;
Its days, the best of days, its nights, the best of nights, and its
hours, the best of hours.
It is the month during which you are invited to be the guests of Allah
and you are placed to be from people of Allah’s dignity
Each breath you take glorifies him; your sleep is worship, your deeds
are accepted and your supplications are answered.
So, invoke Allah, your Lord, with honest intentions and pure hearts to grant you success in fasting and reciting his Book in this month.
There for miserable is certainly the one who is deprived of Allah's forgiveness in this great month.
Remember the hunger and thirst of the Day of Judgment (Qiyaamah) with
your hunger and thirst (while fasting); give alms to the needy and poor,
Pay respect to your elders, have sympathy for your youngsters and maintain relations with your blood relatives;
guard your tongues, close your eyes to that which is not permissible
for your sight,
close your ears to that which is forbidden to hear, show compassion and kindness to
the orphans of people so compassion may be shown to your orphans.
Do repent to Allah for your sins
And supplicate with raised hands at the times of prayer as these are the best times, during which Allah Almighty looks at His servants with mercy.
and raise your hands to supplicate at the times of prayers; for they are the best of times during which Allah the Almighty and Glorious looks towards His servants with mercy, answering them if they supplicate, responding them if they call Him, granting them if He is asked, and accepting if they entreat.
Indeed your souls are dependent on your deeds; so, make it free by Istighfar (invoking Allah for forgiveness)
Your backs is heavily loaded from your sins; so, lighten their loads by long prostrations. and know that Allah swears by His might:
That there is no punishment for the one who prays and prostrates
and He shall not appall them from Hell-fire on the day when man stands
before the Lord of the Worlds (the Doonsday).
O People! One who gives Iftaar (arrange for meal at sunset) to a fasting believer during this month
will be like one who has freed a slave and his past sins will be
Some of the people who were there then asked the Prophet (may Allah bless him and his progeny):
'Not all of us are able to invite those who are fasting?'
The Prophet (may Allah bless him and his progeny) replied: 'Keep yourself away from Hell-fire though it may consist of half a dried date or even some water (if you have nothing else)'.
One who has good morals (Akhlaq) during this month will be able to pass
the 'Siraat' (bridge to Paradise) on the day when feet will tend to slip. For anyone who during this month eases the workload of his servants, Allah will make easy his accounting, and for anyone who doesn't hurt others during this month, Allah will safeguard him from His Wrath on the Day of Judgment.
As for one who honors an orphan during this month; Allah will honor him on that Day.
And for the one who treats his blood relatives (and connect ties with them) during this month, Allah will bestow His Mercy on him on that Day.
As for the one who cuts the ties of relation with his blood relatives; Allah will cut and keep away His mercy from him.
Who so ever performs recommended prayers in this month Allah will
save him from Hell-fire,
And whoever offers an obligatory prayer during this month, his reward will be seventy times the reward during other months.
And who so ever repeatedly invokes Allah's blessings on me (salawat), Allah will keep his scale of good deeds heavy, while the scales of others will be tending to lightness.
He who recites one verse of the holy Qur'an will be given the rewards
of reciting the whole Qur'an during other months.
O people! The gates of Paradise and Heaven remain open during this month. Ask your Lord not to close them for you; while the gates of Hell-fires are closed, ask your Lord to keep them closed for you.
During this month Shayatin (Satans) are imprisoned in chains. So, ask your Lord not
to let them have power and domination over you.'
Amir al-Mu’menin said that "I stand up and asked: ‘O’ Messenger of Allah, what are the best deeds during this month?' He replied: ‘O Aba al-Hassan, the best of deeds during this month is to be far from what Allah has forbidden.'"
Walael al-Shia, v 10, p 314
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